Sunday, May 24, 2020

Seral Killers in the Media Essay - 929 Words

Serial Killers in the Media Serial killers are a relatively rare, yet commonly publicized, part of our society. The media portrayal of serial killers skews the opinions and creates a stereotype of murderers for the public. James Knoll, MD states in his article, â€Å"Serial Murder: A Forensic Psychiatric Perspective†, that no evidence supports the idea that serial murder is a â€Å"growing epidemic† as people believe it is (qtd. in Johnson-Sheehan amp; Paine, â€Å"Writing Today†, pg 332). This misperception of serial killing was exhibited in the way the media portrayed the â€Å"Hillside Strangler†, a murderer who was killing women in the Los Angeles area by strangling them and leaving them nude in the hilly areas in 1977. The articles reporting the†¦show more content†¦Another article covering the case from The New York Times used similar language to make the killer seem worse. In the article, â€Å"Woman Found in Los Angeles Lot, 11th Apparent Victim of Strangling† , the killer is proclaimed to â€Å"prey on girls and young women† (Associated Press, â€Å"Woman Found in Los Angeles Lot, 11th Apparent Victim of Strangling†). ‘Preying’ has a certain association that comes with it, such as that the killer is an animal. Murderers obviously are not nice people but such wording makes them incredibly more fearful. The article also suggested a category of people who were most likely to be victimized: those from the â€Å"street scene† (Associated Press, â€Å"Woman Found in Los Angeles Lot, 11th Apparent Victim of Strangling†). Many articles announce the victim profile that is provided by the police to the public. This serves a purpose to warn people, but it is not the smoothest tactic. It may make people overly afraid. The â€Å"Woman Found in Los Angeles Lot, 11th Apparent Victim of Strangling† article is not the only example of this. Another article from the Associated Press published in The New York Times also stressed the targeted victim to the public. Declaring that a woman that was young was found murdered and disposed of nude must be a victim of the â€Å"Hillside Strangler† because of the profile (Associated Press, â€Å"Two Women Slain in Los Angeles, One a Possible ‘Strangler’

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Define Creatio Ex Nihilo - 1625 Words

Define â€Å"Creatio Ex Nihilo.† In Latin, â€Å"ex nihilo† literally means â€Å"out of nothing.† It often appears along with the concept of creation, as in â€Å"creatio ex nihilo†, meaning â€Å"creation out of nothing.† It contrasts with the phrase â€Å"creatio ex materia† (creation out of some pre-existent, eternal matter) and with â€Å"creatio ex deo† (creation out of God.) Christians all believe that the world is created ex deo, however, whether the universe was created â€Å"ex nihilo† or from already present material is still a topic of discussion today among Christians and people of other beliefs alike. There is evidence in the bible supporting both creatio ex nihilo and ex materia. Despite the simplicity of defining the concept of â€Å"nothingness† (a pronoun†¦show more content†¦On top of this issue, there is also the problem of God existing before the beginning of the universe. Is God included in the nothingness that existed? If so, then surely God didn’t make the universe out of nothing and used his own power, which was already there. When does nothing become nothing? When is it right to say whether nothing has the same characteristics as an existing thing? Early I have spoken about how potential is a characteristic of everything that exists, and that nothingness must have potential if it eventually becomes something. Another issue, is the very fact that we can label nothingness, means that it must be something. Although it is understandable where the idea of God creating the universe ex nihilo came from, and that it is a prime example of how powerful God is, it is difficult, too difficult in fact, to imagine nothingness, as our brains feel it is logical to link something to something else. Even if it was possible for God to create the universe out of nothing, there would be no way for it to make sense to humankind, as I believe that there is no way for us to imagine nothingness. â€Å"Nothing can come from nothing.† Discuss. I have written about this topic in my previous answer, but I shall expand on it. â€Å"Nothing comes from nothing† is a philosophical expression of a thesis first argued by Parmenides (515-540 BCE). Parmenides wrote that there is no break in between a world that didn’t exist, since itShow MoreRelatedThe World s Largest Religion2035 Words   |  9 Pages God the Son and the Holy Spirit, which make up a single divine essence (Patheos Library, â€Å"Christianity†). Creation A central dogma of creation in Christianity is â€Å"Creatio ex Nihilo† which from Latin translates as â€Å"creation from nothing†. The Creator of all things out of nothing is God who acts â€Å"productio totius substantia ex nihilo sui et subjecti† which means – by transferring everything from a state of non-existence into a state of being (Adair, 2008, p.29). This belief has found its first expressionRead MoreCreativity and Innovation4159 Words   |  17 Pagesfrom the Latin term creÃ…  to create, make. The ways in which societies have perceived the concept of creativity have changed throughout history, as has the term itself. Originally in the Christian period: creatio came to designate God s act of Ex nihilo, creation from nothing. Creatio thus had a different meaning than facere (to make) and did not apply to human functions. The ancient view that art is not a domain of creativity persisted in this period. History of the term and the concept

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien Free Essays

Civil War General Sherman once said, â€Å"War is hell. † He was right. In the short story â€Å"The Things They Carried,† Tim O’Brien shows us the hell that our soldiers suffered. We will write a custom essay sample on The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien or any similar topic only for you Order Now The narrator shows us a captivating, and up-close story about our soldiers in the Vietnam War. While the title relates to the story about things carried, but the soldiers carry more than just the physical burdens-in many cases, they are weighed down by emotional baggage. The emotional baggage that lies heavy in their hearts outweighs the physical weight. In addition to the items that they must carry, they also carry personal mementos. To show how much the soldiers are carrying the narrator tells us â€Å"things carried were largely determined by necessity. † Some of the necessities included, â€Å"P-38 can opener, pocket knives†¦candy, cigarettes†¦C rations and two or three canteen of water. Together, these items weighed between fifteen and twenty pounds†¦Ã¢â‚¬  The narrator goes on to give us even more detail about the things the soldiers carried; â€Å"†¦. carried the standard M-16 gas-operated assault rifle. The weapon weighed 7. 5 pounds unloaded, 8. 2 pounds with its full twenty-round magazine†¦. grenade launcher, 5. pounds unloaded†¦Ã¢â‚¬  By telling us exactly what the men carried and how much it weighed, it gives us an insight on the physical burdens that the men had to carry. The narrator tells us that the intangible items that these men carried proved heavier than any backpack and gun. The main character in the story is Lieutenant Cross, platoon leader. He is in l ove with a young girl in the United States. She is always on his mind and because he allows his thoughts to take him away and be with her. Because of this, he blames himself for the death of another platoon member even though there was nothing he could have done to protect him. Lieutenant Cross felt the pain. He blamed himself. † â€Å"He pictured Martha’s smooth young face, thinking he loved her more than anything, more than his men, and now Ted Lavender was dead because he love her so much and could not stop thinking about her. † I think here he is being a little unreasonable. His love for her didn’t kill Lavender. He didn’t feel only the burden of being responsible for Lavender’s death, â€Å"it was the burden of being alive. † They all carried great emotional weight. â€Å"They carried all the emotional baggage of the men who might die. Grief, terror, love, longing-these were the intangibles, but the intangibles had their own mass and specific gravity, they had tangible weight. † With all the physical and emotional things they carried, they also carried things that were close to their hearts. They carried mementos and other small weapons. â€Å"Mitchell Sanders carried brass knuckles. Kiowa carried his grandfathers feathered hatchet†¦. Kiowa always took along his New Testament†¦Lee Strunk carried his slingshot; ammo, he claimed, would never be a problem. † We’re told that Lieutenant Cross carried letters from Martha in his rucksack, and pictures of her in his wallet and a pebble. †¦Lieutenant Cross received a good-luck charm from Martha. It was a simple pebble, an ounce at most. † These things, although that was something else they carried, I feel like that, these items are things that made them feel like there was a world outside the war. They carried a silent awe of the power of the weapons, which kept them alive by killing the enemy. They carried infection, the weak or wounded, the thumbs of slain Viet Cong, guilt, and the soil of Vietnam itself. Perhaps the only certainty of a rather ambiguous war was that there would never be a shortage of things to carry. How to cite The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Determination of Protein Content Using Kjedahl and Titration free essay sample

1. 0 Title Determination of Protein Content Using Kjedahl and Titration 2. 0 Introduction Proteins are polymers. They are the source of dietary amino acids and are used for growth and maintenance of living systems. They are costlier sources of energy compared to carbohydrates and fats and hence the human body utilizes proteins mainly for biosynthesis rather than as an energy source, though the energy yield is 5 kcal/g of protein. Twenty different types of amino acids occur naturally in proteins. Proteins differ from each other according to the type, number and sequence of amino acids that make up the polypeptide backbone. As a result they have different molecular structures, nutritional attributes and physiochemical properties. Typically, proteins are used as gelling agents, emulsifiers, foaming agents and thickeners. Many food proteins are enzymes which are capable of enhancing the rate of certain biochemical reactions. These reactions can have either a favorable or detrimental effect on the overall properties of foods. We will write a custom essay sample on Determination of Protein Content Using Kjedahl and Titration or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Food analysts are interested in knowing the total concentration, type, molecular structure and functional properties of proteins in foods. In this experiment, the methods that are used to determined the protein content which is Kjedahl and titration methods. The Kjeldahl method of nitrogen analysis is the worldwide standard for calculating the protein content in a variety of materials from human and animal food, fertilizer, waste water and fossil fuels. This method is an analytical method to quantitatively determine the nitrogen in certain organic compounds. A food is digested with strong acid so that it releases nitrogen which can be determined by a suitable titration technique. The amount of protein present is then calculated from the nitrogen concentration of the food. In the Kjedahl method, there are three principles involved which are digestion, neutralization and titration. The first step is digestion. The sample to be analyzed is weighed into a digestion flask then digested by heating it in the presence of sulphuric acid (an oxidizing agent which digests the food), anhydrous sodium sulfate to speed up the reaction by raising the boiling point) and a catalyst (for example copper, selenium, titanium or mercury that used to speed up the reaction). This step also converts any nitrogen in the food into ammonia, and other organic matter to carbon dioxide and water. Ammonia gas is not liberated in an acid solution because the ammonia is in the form of the ammonium ion (NH4+) which binds to the sulfate ion (SO42-). The remains in the solu tion is N(food) (NH4)2SO4 The second step is neutralization. After the digestion has been completed the digestion flask is connected to a receiving flask by a tube. The solution in the digestion flask is then made alkaline by addition of sodium hydroxide, which converts the ammonium sulfate into ammonia gas as in the equation: (NH4)2SO4 + 2 NaOH 2NH3 + 2H2O + Na2SO4 The ammonia gas that is formed is liberated from the solution after distillation and moves out of the digestion flask and into the receiving flask which contains an excess of boric acid. The low pH of the solution in the receiving flask converts the ammonia gas into the ammonium ion, and simultaneously converts the boric acid to the borate ion as in this equation: NH3  + H3BO3  (boric acid)   NH4+  + H2BO3-  (borate ion) The last step is titration. In this step, the nitrogen content is then estimated by titration of the ammonium borate formed with standard sulphuric or hydrochloric acid, using a suitable indicator to determine the end point of the reaction (H2BO3-  + H+  Ã‚  H3BO3). Then, the concentration of hydrogen ions required to reach the end point must be equivalent to the concentration of nitrogen that was in the original food. To determine the nitrogen concentration of a sample that weighs m grams using a xM HCl acid solution for the titration is based on the following equation: The advantages of using this Kjedahl method is its universality, high precision and good reproducibility have made it the major method for the estimation of protein in foods. This method also standard method and widely used internationally. While, the disadvantages are it does not give a measure of the true protein, since all nitrogen in foods is not in the form of protein. Different proteins need different correction factors because they have different amino acid sequences. The use of concentrated sulphuric acid at high temperatures poses a considerable hazard, as does the use of some of the possible catalyst and this method also consume long time to carry out this method. 3. 0 Objective To determine the protein content using the Kjedahl and titration method 4. 0Materials and Methods Materials: 40% NaOH, 1% Boric Acid, 10 ml Bromocresal green solution, 7ml methyl red solution, 0. 2N HCl, standard substance Na2CO3, dry Na2CO3 in 200oC, Ammonium iron (III) sulphate, 0. 5g (NH4)2 FeSO4, Kjeltabs Cu 3. 5, and concentrated H2SO4.

Sunday, March 29, 2020

Adrian Arbuckle Essays - Chiropractic, , Term Papers

Adrian Arbuckle Professor Gibbons English 1302-8456 25 May 2000 Alternative Medicine: Chiropractic Chiropractic is the third largest doctoral-level health profession in the United States, after medicine and dentistry. This form of health care is on the rise and there are more than forty thousand chiropractors in practice in all fifty states, the District of Columbia, and many other nations. Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine commonly used and accepted today. Chiropractic is specifically defined as a therapeutic system of curing ailments and manipulation of various body parts, particularly the spinal column. Although chiropractors have had a hard time establishing a worthy reputation, times have changed and studies are proving the benefits of chiropractic. In order for people to receive natural, holistic, efficient, and cost-effective treatment, people should seek doctors of chiropractic. (Thesis: In order for...) Chiropractic was first started by David Daniel Palmer in 1895. Palmer began his practices in magnetic healing in response to his never-ending thirst for knowledge in 1887 (Chiropractic OnLine Today). When he moved to Davenport, Iowa, Palmer began chiropractic with his first adjustment on a janitor on September 18, 1895. The janitor had been deaf for seventeen years after hearing a pop in his back one day. Palmer concluded that one of his vertebrae was out of place and so he thrusted the vertebrae back into place and the man's hearing automatically improved (Chiropractic OnLine Today). This was the birth of the chiropractic theory, which means to do by hand. Palmer believed that decreased nerve flow may be the cause of disease, and that misplaced spinal vertebrae may cause pressure on the nerves (Chiropractic OnLine Today). In conclusion, he theorized, if the spinal column was accurately positioned, the body would be healthy. Palmer began a chiropractic school, Palmer Infirmary and Ch iropractic Institute, in 1907. His son, Bartlett Joshua, was one of the first fifteen graduated. Later in his life, Bartlett also had a large impact on the chiropractic field when his dad ran into some legal problems. Palmer's son took over the school and helped chiropractic to gain prominence in the medical field. Following its founding, chiropractic went downhill and then in the 1940's began to grow again. In July 1995, the first Historical Centennial Celebration took place in Washington, DC with thousands of professional in the field attending. (Background) Chiropractic is holistic and concerned with a patient's overall well-being. Chiropractic treatment considers the whole person and gives special treatment to the physiological and biochemical aspects including structural, spinal, musculoskeletal, neurological, vascular, nutritional, emotional, and environmental relationships(American Chiropractic Association). Many people initially think of consulting a chiropractor for back pain only, but there are many other components of chiropractic treatment and has the ability to help many illnesses and problems. Because the spine is like the trunk of the body, it can have impact on all areas of the human structure. The many moveable parts of the spine make it a complex system. In addition to the twenty-four vertebrae, there are joints between each vertebra. In such a system, in order to maintain balance, each one these joints must be moving entirely and properly (Bayuk). If just one component is out of line, the imbalance disturbs the nervous s ystem, called subluxation. Chiropractic helps the body keep control of itself through manipulation of the spinal column. While the spine helps control the muscles of the body, it also includes the body's ability to breathe properly, keep the heart beating, and other vital functions. The spine column has many nerves that control the blood flow through blood vessels, proper digestion, and the immune system. Just because chiropractors focus on the spinal column, does not limit their field of treatment. In actuality, this very fact is what allows chiropractic to help such a broad range of problems and conditions. For example, a 1991 study at National College of Chiropractic renders very promising news for women suffering from tortuous menstruation. This FCER-funded study found that women who received chiropractic spinal manipulation reported significant reduction in back pain and menstrual distress(Joseph, Chiropractic Works). Along with menstruation, headaches, allergies, asthma, stoma ch disorders, spastic colon, and arm, hand, and leg pain are treatable by chiropractors. (Evidence #1) Chiropractic, in addition to holistic, is efficient and cost-effective. Until recently, chiropractic was

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Hospice Care Essay Example

Hospice Care Essay Example Hospice Care Essay Hospice Care Essay Risk and Quality Management Assessment: Hospice Care HCS/451 Hospice Care The only two things that are guaranteed in life are birth and death. It seems that every time I tell my husband that his drinking habits are going to be the death of him one day. He always responds by saying Weve all got to day someday in one way or another, so why not enjoy life while you have it. But in some cases the choices that we make will often determine whether we live to see the age of 90 verses Just the age of 40 or 50. Nevertheless, whether it is death by a life full of bad choice, by accident, or by the luxury of old age. My husband is absolutely correct in saying we all have to die one day and because of that fact hospice care is available. This will be an in depth description of the hospice organization as a whole. As well as the demographics of whom they serve and the types of resources and services the organization has to offer its clientele. This executive summary will also including a summary of the risk management and quality management operatives that are associated with hospice organizations as a whole. Hospice Description The hospice program was pioneered in England back in the early 1970s. It was a rogram established to assist patients and their families with end-of-life care. A hospice care team is comprised of nursing assistants, licensed vocational nurses, registered nurses, social workers, pastoral counselors, and many other health professionals. All of whom are under the direct management and guidance of a physician. The first hospice program to surface in the United States was in Connecticut back in 1973. After hospice took root in the United States in the 70s, around the early 80s hospice became an added benefit to the United States Medicare program. Because cancer was so prevalent in the 70s and 80s, hospice are was initially designed for people who were dying of cancer, and who had a functional family support system and a home where they could be cared for away from the high-tech hospital environment. (What is Hospice Care? , Mar/Apr 2003, p6). Vitas Innovative Hospice Care, a pioneer and leader in the hospice movement since 1978, is the nations largest provider of end-of-life care. (Vitas. com, 2012). Who Hospice Serves Currently, hospice care is no longer geared towards any one particular disease or circumstance. With improvements in technology and science hospice has immensely eveloped and matured from its original vision and values over the years. Hospice care is now equipped to assist patients that have a range of terminal illnesses from cancer, to heart disease, to HIV, and many more. It is now offered to patients with a lack of family support as well as patients that are housed in an institutional setting. In the 1980s hospice had become a standard element of end-of-life care and is now consider a form of accepted medical practice. Hospice cannot rightfully be a matter decision in 1983 to include hospice care in the Medicare program put an end to such thinking. (What is Hospice Care? Mar/Apr 2003, p6). Hospice Services Hospice offers a variety of services not only for their patients but the patients families as well. Over the years many foundations have dedicated resource to advance the knowledge and awareness needed to support and improve end-of-life care. One of the main services that hospice offers is professional nursing care in the public and private sector. It is extremely important that hospice provide the patient with as much comfort as possible so nursing care will be provided in whatever sector the patient feels most comfortable in. Hospice also offers assistance with daily and ersonal activities as needed by the patient or their families. There are also various forms of rehabilitation therapy and dietary counseling available through hospice. Hospice patients are often provided with a case worker that will assist the patients and their families with any necessary resource that may be needed while on hospice. Another service offered to patients and their family members through the hospice program is spiritual and psychological counseling. There are always Chaplins on staff for the hospice patients and their families to speak with and pray with if desired. As well as various counselors that will meet with hospice patients and their family members for any form of desired counseling. Respite care and volunteer services are two other resource services which are also offered through the hospice care program. Provision of medical drugs and treatments is available for hospice patients that cannot afford their medications. After the hospice patient has passed away family bereavement services are offered to the patients family members. The needs of a dying person fall within three categories: physical, emotional, and social welling being. Physical needs may include things such as a clean and safe living environment, assistances with personal care like bathing and dressing. As well as personal assistances with making sure the patient is getting the proper amounts food and nutrients needed on a daily basis. Emotional needs may include making sure the patients dying wishes are being respected and met. Also providing emotional counseling to help the patient come to terms with what is happening in their life. Social needs may include assisting patients with social functions and help with maintaining relationships and many other social needs that may surface. Caring for the dying is a complex social enterprise that must involve the families of the dying, religious organizations, the health care system, and the community at large, from the very local to the national level. (What is Hospice Care? , Mar/Apr 2003, p6). The resources and services that hospice care offers are in place to purposely meet each and every one of those needs. Purpose of Risk Management Therefore, in order to meet those needs properly an organization must learn how to evaluate and control its own risk. Risk management is a process in which an organization forms strategies and planning mechanisms that will help the rganization reduce or eliminate the likelihood of a specific or general form of loss or risk. The process of gathering and utilizing systematic data are key essentials to the concept of risk management. Now for many organizations risk management programs consist of two components, proactive and reactive management. Proactive management is the process in which organizations have active planning mechanisms management is reactive management. Reactive measures are the risk management components that are implemented in response to an adverse or unlikely occurrence happening. As stated in the Manuel for Indian Health Services, whether it be a proactive or reactive risk management process it should be comprised of these factors: 0 Diagnosis†ldentification of risk or potential risk. Assessment†calculation of the probability of adverse effect from the risk situation. 0 Prognosis†Estimation of the impact of the adverse effect. 0 Management†Control of the risk. (2006,Health Care Risk Management). Risk management is evaluated on an organization-by-organization basis. The risk that are associated to one organization may not have any affect or bearing on another organizati on. This is why it is important for individual organizations to go through the process of diagnosing, assessing, determining a prognosis, and managing their own risks. Once those evaluations are addressed the organization can then form adequate proactive and reactive measures that best suit the needs of their organization. Even though proactive and reactive components may differ on a case-by-case basis the goal of risk management should all be the same. Which is to minimize or eliminate the risk if harm to patients, minimize liability exposures of the health care provider, and to inimize financial loss to the organization and its stakeholders (University of Phoenix, 2009). Key Concepts The key concepts of risk management should be based on the principles of identifying key risk factors. Risk factors have to be considered in all areas of hospice care work and operational activities. Staff should be encouraged to do proper incident reporting, this will allow quality management teams to better asses risk based on reoccurring incidents (Agarwal, 2013). Good risk management comes from integrating all risk management activities to obtain a holistic picture of how the rganization is performing. Direct patient care, health and safety, security, financial management, and system information management are Just a few of the many activities and concepts that need to be monitored for risk and quality improvements. Identifying and Managing Risk The organization should identify and manage risk by first taking an evaluation of the organization as a whole. During the evaluation process the organization should be able to identify the risks that are predominant to their environment. During the evaluation process the organization should also be able to diagnosis any potential isk and assess how those risks are going to effect the organization. Through the management process the facility can also determine a prognosis or a solution for the risk that they have identified in the evaluation process. And at that point the organization can then begin to manage the prognosis which will in return allow the organization to control the risk. Typical Hospice Risk There are a number of different risks that may affect a hospice care facility in a negative way and the risk can be both internal and external. Internal risks are things such as direct patient care, infection control, and incident reporting. External risks are things such as: supplier quality, social media, and reputational risk. Though all risks whether they are internal or external have a direct effect on the facilities influence quality outcomes which is why it is vital for facilities to know their risks and manage them well. Successful direct patient care, minimizing or elimination the spread of infection, clear concessive incident reporting, excellent supplier quality, technically sav. y facilities, and up-to-date social media resources will tremendously boost a facilities quality outcome. But if the quality in those listed objectives is acking it could have a reverse negative affect on quality outcomes. Long-term and Short-term Goals There are many long-term and short-term goals that have been established in the hospice care organization. Long-term 10% growth in the profit margins over the next 5-7 years, become a totally skilled Registered Nurse only hospice facility over the next 5 years, and witness a 15% decrease in incidents over the next 5 years. Short-term 5% increase in positive patient feedback, 5% decrease in staff related injuries, and a 5-10% decrease in staff tardiness and absenteeism all in a matter of 6-12 months. Both long-term and short-term goals will allow the facility to improve its quality of care in a positive way. Policies and Procedures Policies and procedures are two of the most common terms used when attempting to establish a sense of order in any facility. But these factors are ten times more important when it involves a healthcare organization. Requiring a planned care pathway and protocol care plan for each individual patient should be an implemented policy. Robust incident reporting should be implemented, which means reporting all incidents whether small or large it needs to be reported. Regular patient nd staff surveys and feedback should also be implemented. All of these implemented policies and procedures will have a direct positive influence on quality health outcomes. Risk and Quality Management Conclusion In conclusion, if an organization fails to manage their risk they cannot adequately control their own quality the two go hand-in-hand. Perkins (2013), Risk management is the process of identifying, addressing, prioritizing, and eliminating potential sources of failure to achieve objectives. Quality management can be thought of as the process of designing and executing products and services effectively, efficiently, nd economically. (Quality management and risk management). Risk and quality management together allow the organization to achieve an objective in an effective, efficient, and economical way that benefits both the patients and the organization. So when a loved one is facing death and has been given a pre-determined amount of time to live out the remainder of their life, it is important that they seek facilities that enforc e a strong linkage between risk and quality management because like many things you can have one without the other. References Agarwal, R. (2013). A Guideline for Quality Accreditation in Hospitals. Retrieved from accreditation-hospitals. html Esain, A. E. , Williams, S. J. , Gakhal, S. , Caley, L. , Cooke, M. W. (2012). Healthcare quality improvement policy implications and practicalities. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 25(7), 565-81. doi:http:// dx. doi. org/lo. 1108/09526861211261172 Hospice care: About us, (2012). Vitas Innovative Hospice Care Texas. Retrieved from vitas. com Perkins, E. (2013). Linking Quality Management and Risk Management. Retrieved from http:// www. qualitydigest. com/inside/quality-insider-column/linking-quality-management- nd-risk-management. tml Rekleiti, M. , Kyloudis, P. , Toska, A. , Saridi, M. (2012). Patient safety and healthcare quality. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 5(2), 74-79. Retrieved from http://search. proquest. com/docview/1114166783? accountid=458 University of Phoenix. (2009). Risk Management Handbook for Health Care Organizations, Student Edition. Retrieved from University of Phoenix, HCS 451 w ebsite. U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2006). Retrieved from ihs. gov/riskmanagement/index. cfm? module=partol What is Hospice Care? , (2003). Hastings Center Report, 6-12.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Employee referral campaigns Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Employee referral campaigns - Essay Example Another advantage of employee referral campaigns is that they help promote the brand value of a company through word-of-mouth publicity. In order for an existing employee to bring his contacts into the company, he/she must first have a positive perception about the status and worthiness of the company. On the flip side, a poor response to an employee referral campaign can usually indicate an unmotivated workforce perceiving no incentive either for themselves or for their contacts in availing job opportunities with the company. One other obvious advantage of an ERC is that it cuts down recruitment related expenditure by eliminating the need for advertising, job fairs, hiring agencies, etc. In certain domains, highly specialized positions are best filled through personal channels and not through traditional recuitment processes, making a case for ERCs. On the negative side, employee referral campaigns can also create conflict-of-interest scenarios for the management, when they make an assessment that is inconsistent with that of the referring employee's. For example, a candidate being recommended by an employee could be estimated to be either unsuitable or unqualified for the vacant position. In such a case, the management usually ends up causing disappointment for both parties by declining to hire.

Tuesday, February 4, 2020

The Shawshank Redemption Movie Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

The Shawshank Redemption - Movie Review Example Despite Andy’s declaration of innocence he is retained in the prison guided by circumstantial evidence. The movie uses the character of Andy Dufrense to reflect the resilience of human spirit and how one can retain his humanity against all odds under penitence. Andy Dufresne in his late 40s has no reason to be apprehensive about life unless things changes a little too fast for him. The corpses of his wife and her previous lover are found strewn with bullets after Andy comes to know of his wife’s illicit relationship. The circumstance goes against him when he visits his house with whisky and bullets. Though he admits to these incidents, he declares his innocence but all he receives form the court of justice is to life sentences to serve and undergo the tough penitence of the jail at Shawshank which is known to be the most atrocious one in New England. When Eliss â€Å"Red† Redding befriends Andy, he foretells that the lanky and out of place Andy would not be able to sustain here for long. His prediction seems strong given that Andy is surrounded by hostile inmates and strong tough and aggressive head guard like Hadley and personalities like Warden Norton (enacted by Bob Grunton) who made their dominance clearly felt throughout. Later when Andy narrates his story to Red, he says, â€Å"Bad luck, I guess. It floats around. It's got to land on somebody. It was my turn, that's all. I was in the path of the tornado. I just didn't expect the storm would last as long as it has†. This is complemented by the harassment of the group of troublemakers and sexual assaulters named â€Å"The Sisters† under the leadership of Bogs. Despite being tormented Andy does not give in. This surrounding is ideal to prove the Prison to live up to its name and reputation of atrocity and violence and abrupt instances of abuse occur frequently. With brutality on one hand, corruption also prevails on the other. For instance, the Warden Norton uses Andy to as sist him in his operation of laundering money under the fake name of Randall Stevens. This opportunity comes when by his luck his discovers Hadley is in a problem related to tax on an inheritance and renders his fruitful advice on the same. He is then asked to look after the library and also renders financial counseling to the other guards. Hadley also beats up the group of ‘Sisters’ who refrains from bothering Andy henceforth. Things were comfortable for Andy since his talents are being exploited by the Warden who uses the inmates for supplying labor force instead of skilled labor for which he receives incentives. Andy knows his corruption but has little way out. He takes a big risk by playing The Marriage of Figago for his inmates to hear despite knowing that he would be confined to solitary cell for this offense of rendering one pleasant moment. He carries on his good work by expanding the library after several attempts and with the help of the warden. He dedicates t he library to Brookes the old librarian who commits suicide after being released on parole since he could not adjust to the outside world. The movie set over a wide space of two decades joins different strands of stories taking place in the prison. This shows how Andy retains

Monday, January 27, 2020

Assess Leadership Skills In An Organisation Management Essay

Assess Leadership Skills In An Organisation Management Essay There are seven traits through which we can assess the leadership style of an organization A leader should have an integrity, and must be a trust worthy person, so that people can rely on them, and because of this these people need a mentor, who will guide them towards their goals. A leader should be an optimistic person, because people doesnt want to follow a person always thinks negatively and ignore the positive part. A leader should be able to influence the change and should support the change, because if they dont accept the change, they might not grow. A leader should be able to take risks, because if they are not a risk taker, then they are not the leaders. A leader is a person who has clear a understanding of what can be achieved by taking a risk and how it might benefit their follower and prepare them for better tomorrow. A leader should be tenacious, i.e. they should not give up and keep on trying unless they reach their goals. A leader should be able to motivate others, and keep them moving towards the achievement of their desired goals. A leader should be dedicated and committed towards the achievement of their goals.  [1]   REVIEW THE LEADERSHIP IN BA AND TESCO From my observations of Tesco is using participative leadership style and their principal style as a participative leader appeared to be consultative in approach where most decisions were conferred with team members before final decisions were being made by them. As a result, maintaining lines of open communication within Tesco created an environment of warmth, friendliness, trust and emotional support and this communication and developing relationship with followers is considered as an effective leadership However, on the other side BA leadership style was also consultative, but it was not always consultative. There were times where his style did appear to change, and the reason might be lack of self awareness, motivation, empathy and emotional inteligence. These circumstances were mainly apparent when dealing with other leaders (consensus) and members of his team that were perceived to be lacking in motivation (authoritarian). Although, Johnson and Scholes, point out in their book of corporate governance that this approach is relevant to the leaders who has a lot of experience, common sense and emotional intelligence to be effective leader. FUTURE REQUIREMENTS OF LEADERSHIP The 21st century the leaders should be creative and innovative, because new ideas can bring success to the organization, and therefore it should be the mission of every leader should to look for innovative ideas regularly, which is completely new than that of an organization which is currently committed to. These innovative ideas come from having deeper understanding of customers and market, and they go beyond the customers expectations and fulfill their needs. According to Gratton, there are four future requirements of leadership which could be useful for New-Line GenX. Dream Collectively: The future leaders should allow people to work interdependently but it has to be within the companys general framework and identify a work and co-ordinate the major themes for action. Balance the short term with the longer term: The future leaders should build a vision for the future through the engages people and let them understand for the future role Value people: The future leaders should treat people with respect and allow them to put forward their ideas and obtained trust and make sure that their ideas will be valued and they can make a difference Understand of the reality of the organization: The future leaders should build a model of the organization that is of high level trust, inspiration, and commitment; develop an understanding of process of fairness and justice and recognise the workforces perception of consistency, integrity and pride  [2]  . Moreover, future leadership will have to learn an entirely new skills and competency skills. Generate and Sustain trust: Trust is powerful and ingredients of competencies, fairness, caring constancy and authenticity, these all are valuable for the future requirements of leadership and management for New-Line GenX. Intimate allies: The future leaders needs to create respect, dignity and culture improvised. Power of Appreciation: The future leaders needs to appreciation good work done by the employees and this is powerful motivator to take challenge by the employees for the new adventures. What is important: The future leaders should remind people of what is important for the organisation and value to work and collective focused strategy of the company. It is therefore, the above points need to be considered by New-Line GenX for the future requirements of leadership and management. TASK V DEVELOP A PLAN WHICH WOULD SUITABLE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF LEADERSHIP SKILLS IN YOUR CHOSEN ENVIRONMENT It is absolute necessary to make team work in order to improve operational procedures and efficiency in the operations of Tesco and BA. Leadership required personal strength to motivate all the employees together. Thus, Tesco and BA have required to an act together in all department such as warehouse, web-design, sales, back-office, company senior management, marketing and other functions etc. Leaders need to motivate and equally inspire all the employees by using equal amounts of extrinsic and intrinsic techniques. In addition, leader needs to make sure that different people can take different amounts of each extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. However, experience is most significant qualities to direct participation in all activities of the organization  [3]  . It is advisable to both companies to be presented the board of management that the four many type of leadership style can be beneficial for them. To be a great leader the author think that you have to have many qualities, the most important of which are charisma, motivation, experience and most of all fantastic communication skills. It is therefore, it has advisable to both the companies consider to focus on New Leadership Theories rather than old traditional theories such as Fielders Contingency and Path-Goal Leadership Theory. Managers need to develop a business by facing the challenges, involve all the employees in decision making process and taking risk if needed. DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONAL SKILLS First of all there should be the clear understanding of qualities required for an effective leaders, and these qualities are Enthusiasm : A leader should be able to get things done, which they can communicate to other people. Confidence : A leader should believe in themselves, as this can be sensed by other people. Toughness : A leader should be resilient, tenacious, and demanding high standards. Integrity : A leader should have personal wholeness, soundness, and honesty, which can inspire trust. Warmth : A leader should be in personal relationship, caring for people and being considerate. Humility : A leader should be willingness to listen and take the blame; not being arrogant and overbearing. In addition to all of the above quality, a leader should also be motivational, and should also posses high level of emotional intelligence. There are various methods used to develop leadership skill The first thing to do as a leader is to ask for the feedback from their team, on what they think about their leadership style. They should listen carefully to their team members about their work related worries, because it is said that great leaders are great listeners. A leader should take complete responsibility of how they are being heard, and their message to their team should be clearly understood by their team members. The most important part of developing leadership skill is to learn to respect their teams hard work. A leader should lead their team with an integrity. A leader should involve their team members and distribute the task among their team depending on the situation and individual capabilities. Finally a leader should focus on developing their skills, and this will enable them to improve motivation as well as team performance.  [4]   CONCLUSION After researching on this assignment I would like to conclude that leadership plays an important role in the development of an organization. I also found that both the organizations Tesco and British Airways has a great leadership styles, whereby Tesco is using participative leadership style, through which it had created an environment of warmth, friendliness, trust and emotional support under the leadership of Sir Terry Leahy, Chief Executive of Tesco, the company has experienced enormous growth and is one of the largest supermarket in the UK. Whereas on the other side the leadership of British Airways was also consultative, but kept on changing. But finally I would say that both of these organization should keep on developing their skills and acquiring new skills that will enable them to compete in this fast pace of global economic climate. I am also sure that, if the directors of New-Line GenX follow the leadership theory and implement them in their organization, will enable them to have a better future of New-Line GenX.

Sunday, January 19, 2020

Sales Tools

This is a report to understand the role of personal selling within the overall marketing strategy such as Promotion mix: personal and impersonal communication; objectives of promotional activity, push-pull strategies; integrating sales with other promotional activities; evaluating promotion; allocation of promotion budget and Understanding buyer behaviour: consumer and organisational purchase decision-making. And also this report involved the role of the sales team: definition and role of personal selling; types of selling; characteristics and have link with LEVI’S case study.After reading this report reader could understand to how to apply the principles of the selling process to a product or service such as customer-oriented approach; objective setting; preparation and rehearsal; opening remarks; techniques and personal presentation; need for identification and stimulation; presentation; product demonstration and use of visual aids; handling and pre-empting objections; techn iques and proposals for negotiation; buying signals; closing techniques; post sale follow-up; record keeping; customer relationship marketing (CRM)And also reader could be able to understand the role and objectives of sales management such as, Controlling sales output: purpose and role of the sales budget; performance standards: performance against targets (financial, volume, call-rate, conversion, pioneering); appraisals; self-development plans; customer care.Reader also will have Be able to understand how to plan sales activity for a product or service in ways such sales settings: sales channels (retailers, wholesalers, distributors, agents multi-channel and online retailers); importance of market segmentation: business-to-business (BTB) selling; industrial selling; selling to public authorities; selling for resale; telesales; selling services; pioneering; systems selling; selling to project teams or groups international selling: role of agents and distributors; sources, selection and appointment of agents/distributors; agency contracts; training and motivating agents/distributors; use of expatriate versus local sales personnel; role, duties and characteristics of the export sales team; coping in different cultural environments;the role of ICT in communicating with an international sales team Exhibitions and trade fairs: role, types and locations of trade fairs and exhibitions; how trade fairs and exhibitions fit in with corporate strategy and objectives; setting objectives for participation in an exhibition; audience profile and measurement; qualification and follow-up of exhibition leads; evaluation of exhibition attendance; setting budgets; financial assistance or exhibition attendance etc.. to a certain extend.Table of Content Personal selling, promotion mix, buyer behaviour and the decision making process in different situations ,role of sales teams within marketing strategy Role of sales teams within marketing strategy ow sales strategies are developed in line with corporate objectives Importance of recruitment and selection procedure Role of motivation, remuneration and training in sales management Sales plan for a levi’s male cap Conclusion Bibliography Personal selling, promotion mix, buyer behaviour and the decision making process in different situations ,role of sales teams within marketing strategy Personal selling is a promotional method in which one party (e. g. , salesperson) uses skills and techniques for building personal relationships with another party (e. g. , those involved in a purchase decision) that results in both parties obtaining value.In most cases the â€Å"value† for the salesperson is realized through the financial rewards of the sale while the customer’s â€Å"value† is realized from the benefits obtained by consuming the product. However, getting a customer to purchase a product is not always the objective of personal selling. For instance, selling may be used for the purpose of simply delivering information. Marketers have at their disposal four major methods of promotion. Taken together these comprise the promotion mix. Those four promotion methods are 1. Advertising 2. Sales Promotion 3. Public Relations 4. Personal Selling So, Personal selling comes under promotional mix. That means personal selling is a part of promotional mix.In LEVI’S case also LEVI’S company might definitely use promotional mix and they can improve the promotional mix by improving personal selling that both aspects have a positive relationship. Buyer behaviour consists of activities/process followed in making any buying decision of goods as well as a service. In LEVI’S case buyer behaviour would be 1. Type One: Traditionalist – probably over 45; buys from department stores; buys polyester suits and trousers; shops with his wife. 2. Type Two: Classic Independent – a real ‘clothes horse’; 21% of the market but buys 46% of wool blend suits; shops at independent stores; has expensive tastes. 3. Type Three: Utilitarian – wears jeans for work and leisure; 26% of the market; a Levis loyalist. 4.Type Four: Trendy Casual – buys ‘designer’ high fashion labels; might buy 501’s but usually considers Levi’s too mass market; 19% of the market. 5. Type Five: Price Shopper – buys the lowest price product wherever they may be; no potential for Levi; 14% of the market. There are five types of buyer behaviours and they have different types of decision making in different situation. One thing needs to be highlighted here is that consumer behaviour does not end with purchase of goods or service, but also post purchase activities are included in consumer decision making. The below image shows the different type of buyer behaviour. Role of sales teams within marketing strategy Marketing Strategy is something that helps companies achieves Marketing objectives.Marketing objectives help achieve corporate objectives and corporate objectives aim to achieve a competitive advantage over rival organizations. Firstly, a Managing Director or senior management team, or executive board of directors (who ever is in charge) decides on overall corporate objectives. One corporate objective might be to increase sales by some percentage. In order to achieve this percentage sales team always work towards that. So the role of sales team would be work to corporate objective goals and marketing strategies. LEVI’S case study team have adopted to the marketing strategies and LEVI’S ‘ marketing team responded to this information by deciding to focus on jackets and trousers only for the launch and let suits ‘slipstream’.The Director of Consumer Marketing stated: ‘The thing that is going to overcome Levi’s image for casual only apparel is a suit made by Levi that doesn’t look like anything else we have ever made. Once that gets on the r acks people will put an asterisk on the image that says Oh, they can also make a good suit when they put their mind to it’. So sales responded according to the marketing strategies ‘Soon after this decision, salesmen started contacting retail buyers. After 4 months of selling to the trade it was clear sales targets for the range would not be met.A subsequent price reduction failed to redeem the situation and Tailored Classics achieved only 65% of its sales targets. so role of sales team would be always adopted to mass marketing strategy. ’ ow sales strategies are developed in line with corporate objectives Whenever a person wanted to develop sales strategies he/she should always should develop in line with corporate objectives, so, he/she should keep these below mentioned tips before they make sales strategies. Do you have the time and resources necessary to interact? Can you competitively position yourself to overpower the competitor? Do you have sufficient uniq ue selling points to change the rules and do you have time to accomplish this? Do you have access to the key decision makers to do this? Can you sufficiently quantify your unique selling points to prevent price pressure?Can you neutralize the competitor's strengths? Do you have the capacity to deliver? What would it take to make this a viable opportunity? Importance of recruitment and selection procedure The recruitment is a process of finding and hiring the best-qualified candidate (from within or outside of an organization) for a job opening, in a timely and cost effective manner. The recruitment process includes analysing the requirements of a job, attracting employees to that job, screening and selecting applicants, hiring, and integrating the new employee to the organization. Importance of the recruitment are listed below * Recruitment is the process which links the employers with the employees.Increase the pool of job candidates at minimum cost. * Help increase the success rat e of selection process by decreasing number of visibly under qualified or overqualified job applicants. * Help reduce the probability that job applicants once recruited and selected will leave the organization only after a short period of time. * Meet the organizations legal and social obligations regarding the composition of its workforce. Begin identifying and preparing potential job applicants who will be appropriate candidates. * Increase organization and individual effectiveness of various recruiting techniques and sources for all types of job applicantsRole of motivation, remuneration and training in sales management Motivation means Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested and committed to a job, role or subject, or to make an effort to attain a goal. Motivation results from the interaction of both conscious and unconscious factors such as the * Intensity of desire or need, * Incentive or reward value of the goal, a nd * Expectations of the individual and of his or her peers. These factors are the reasons one has for behaving a certain way. Role of motivation in sales management is motivate sales people towards bringing business to the organization. The most widely recognised method of attracting and retaining marketing employees is through remuneration packages.This is because a good emuneration package can have a positive effect on a person's standard of living. Remuneration refers to money or substitutes for money. This may include wages, salaries, commissions and bonuses, incentive plans and allowances. The total value of all these items is called a remuneration package. Sales plan for a levi’s male cap A sales plan LEVI’S cap is basically should be a strategic and tactical plan for achieving market because of the higher price objectives. It should be a step-by-step and detailed process that will show how you will acquire new business for LEVI’S caps; and how you will g ain more business from the existing customer base.It involves making and/or exceeding our sales quota within our sales territory how to penetrate to international business. Here are the steps to help you develop a sales plan for LEVI’S male caps: 1. Segment the target audience – The first step is to clearly identify the target markets. Who are more likely to buy LEVI’S caps. The more defined the target market, the better. Target market can be defined as high-income men ages 30-60 who loves to buy the latest electronic gadgets. If the target market is done, the next step is to prioritize the target market to ensure that resources are directed towards your key target market. Prospects are more likely to purchase if LEVI’S can talk features of male cap. 2.Cap industry – Current trends in industry, and how the business fares with these trends. LEVI’S must look at the range of similar products now available, and compare how the product stacks up to competitor products. Take a bigger picture of the industry and find out prospects. 3. Develop sales strategies – LEVI’S sales strategies must include determining how LEVI’S can reach the sales quota, how can get more sales from existing customers, and how can raise awareness in the marketplace and community about your business. Your sales strategies also involve making a decision on who is actually going to do the selling. Will you do it skills to do it? how to improve confidence and presentation skill etc†¦ 4. Think through sales plan.This is the meat of the sales plan. LEVI’S need to write down the sales strategies based on the analysis you’ve done of your business and what you can do. Will you attend trade shows or do cold calling? Will they use search engine advertising or other forms of online advertising? How they going to reach exactly to target audience? It is important that LEVI’S break down the sales strategies into quantif iable activities . 5. Measure and improve. A sales plan is not something that LEVI’S create and then hide inside the drawer. Should follow the activities and tasks outlined in sales plan. All the planning in the world is worthless if they cannot or do not implement any of it.Keep track of how they are performing vis-à  -vis sales target.. Conclusion This report have explained the role of personal selling within the overall marketing strategy such as Promotion mix: personal and impersonal communication; objectives of promotional activity, push-pull strategies; integrating sales with other promotional activities; evaluating promotion; allocation of promotion budget and Understanding buyer behaviour: consumer and organisational purchase decision-making. And also this report involved the role of the sales team: definition and role of personal selling; types of selling; characteristics and have link with LEVI’S case study.Report also explained how to plan sales activity fo r LEVI’S male caps in ways such sales settings: sales channels (retailers, wholesalers, distributors, agents multi-channel and online retailers); importance of market segmentation: business-to-business (BTB) selling; industrial selling; selling to public authorities; selling for resale; telesales; selling services; pioneering; systems selling; selling to project teams or groups international selling: role of agents and distributors; sources, selection and appointment of agents/distributors; agency contracts; training and motivating agents/distributors; use of expatriate versus local sales personnel; role, duties and characteristics of the export sales team; coping in different cultural environments; the role of ICT in communicating with an international sales team Exhibitions and trade fairs: role, types and locations of trade fairs and exhibitions; how trade fairs and exhibitions fit in with corporate strategy and objectives; setting objectives for participation in an exhibi tion; audience profile and measurement; qualification and follow-up of exhibition leads; evaluation of exhibition attendance; setting budgets; financial assistance or exhibition attendance etc..

Saturday, January 11, 2020

Supporting and Promoting Children and Young People’s Positive

Natalie Cullen 19/11/12 Supporting and promoting Children and Young People's positive behaviour Part 1: Behaviour Policy Charles Saer primary school's behaviour policy is for all who are involved in the school. A few examples of who these people are pupils, staff, volunteers and school governors and even parents to name just a few. These rules are equal to all. This ensures all who attend the school know what behaviour is expected of them and what behaviour will not be tolerated.The policy gives a list of aims of what is hoped to be achieved by these rules being followed by everybody. The aim is for good behaviour to make a major contribution in providing a safe, pleasant enviroment for all to work and play in, to build and raise self-esteem, respect, honesty, truth, co-operation, kindness and tolerance of others. 1) This will make the children feel safe as with good and positive behaviour a safe, welcoming, enjoyable enviroment will be built for them to work and play in. ) By giving the children a safe positive enviroment where good behaviour is shown by all, it teaches the children respect, honesty, truth, co-operation, kindness and tolerance of others. This will make a positive contribution not only to school life but also society and their own futures. 3) By the children learning to behave in a good decent manner and being rewarded for this will also raise their self-esteem and self-worth as well as build their confidence. It teaches them to treat others with respect and kindness and to take other peoples feelings into account, thus helping their social and emotional skills. ) The children are able to learn the expectations of what is expected of them by rewarding their good behaviour and giving sanctions for any bad behaviour. This also will teach them that they are responsable for their own actions and bad behaviour choices have consequences. Code of Conduct The code of conduct is a set of short, simple, realistic rules for everyone to follow. These rules are again for everyone not only the children as it is also important that the adults lead by example and set good standards as they are infact role models for the children. Also read: Different Approaches to Promoting Wellbeing and ResilienceThe rules are useful in the day to day of school life. Charles Saer has 5 main rules of conduct: 1) We never shout or run in school 2) We always care for others and their property 3) We are always polite and do as we are told 4) We never fight or throw things 5) We always keep our school tidy Classes however may have their own rules for inside the classroom as different circumstances may arise for example ages of children, special needs etc. Although they will still reflect the behaviour of which is expected by the school. ) Children will feel safe by the code of conduct as it cleary states what is expected behaviour and what is not. So if a child experienced any type of bad behaviour towards them they know it will not be accepted and to inform a teacher of the issue. 2) The code of conduct will help the children to make a positive contribution towards helping the school achieve the safe, pleasant enviroment for all to work and play in, to build and raise self-esteem, respect, honesty, truth, co-operation, kindness and tolerance of others. ) By the children learning to behave in a good decent manner and being rewarded for this will also raise their self-esteem and self-worth as well as build their confidence. It teaches them to treat others with respect and kindness and to take other peoples feelings into account, thus helping their social and emotional skills. Also helping them to become well rounded members of society. 4) It helps the children to see rules are there to be followed and what is expected as good behaviour and what is unacceptable behaviour giving them expectations and limits. Rewards and SanctionsRewards and Sanctions are basically ways of teaching the children when they have shown good behaviour when a reward is then given or bad behaviour when a sanction is given and will be seen to be fair. This will emphasise the diffrence between good and bad behaviour. Rewards at Charles Saer it is important to recognise and encourage good behaviour with some types of rewards such as: signs of approval, praise and encouragement, displays of work, comments in homework books, class points which can be banked for negotiated class treats, student of the week certificates and medals, tickers and badges, golden book ticket, silver awards, special mention in assembly, postcard/phonecall home. This way the childs confidence and self worth is boosted and they are more likely to keep up the good behaviour. Sanctions however when a child has shown bad behaviour a sanction must be given to that child to teach them it is not acceptable how they have behaved. Some types of sanctions that we use at Charles Saer are: eye contact (a mean look! ), adult disapproval, time out chair or isolation table in the classroom, child will be given a post it which the teacher will write e. . 5minutes in Mrs Smiths class and child will go to that class for given time, unacceptable behaviour will be discussed with child after lesson and not during, kept in at play time, serious misbehaviour will lead to involvment of the head teacher and maybe parents will also be asked to come in to school. 1) Children will be made to feel safe by gaining rewards for their good behaviour as it will give them a sense of achievment, recognition and self worth. ) Children will want to make a positive contribution into the school by ensuring they show good behaviour and try their best at all times to gain the rewards on offer for any good behaviour as this gives them a great feeling of doing well and a sense of accomplishment. 3) The reward system helps develop social and emotional skills as by the children following the simple rules of respect, honesty, truth, co-operation, kindness and tolerance of others, this also gives them the basics for good behaviour and being rewarded for that also helps them develop self esteem, self worth, confidence in themselves. ) Rewards and Sanctions help childr en to understand when expectations are met they are rewarded and praised. When these are not met there is consequences to their actions, teaching them to take responsiblity and that there are limits to which bad behaviour will not be accepted. Dealing with conflict and Inappropriate behaviour At Charles Saer school if a pupil is still presenting challenging behaviour after numerous attempts to try and intervene e. g. rewards, sanctions etc then there are some steps the staff will take to take the matter further. ) A childs parents will be contacted and asked to come in to discuss the situation 2) the next step if still no improvement would be to put the child on a report where his behaviour is monitored throughout the day and good and bad behaviour is recorded, the SENCO should be informed and given copies, 3) If after 4 weeks no improvement the the child should be placed on the SEN register and parents and authorities will discuss the issue. There are 3 stages and if no improvement then child will be referred to pupil referral services . Of course this type of continuing challenging behaviour is very unlikely to occur so serverly.More often than not a conflict or any sort of inappropriate behaviour a pupil displays that is serious can be resolved quickly by informing the parents and the head and class teacher being involved and some sort of plan and agreement as to what the course of action should be. 1) The other children at the school would feel safe knowing that when another child is behaving badly to a serious extent the staff are seen to be taking action against the bad behaviour and taking the matter very seriously, keeping to the their promise in the behaviour policy of ensuring a safe and enjoyable enviroment. ) If inappropriate behaviour is seen to be dealt with seriously then the other children are more likely to make a positive contribution by showing good behaviour and abidding to the rules of the school. 3) The child may be behaving inappropriatl ey due to their home life, so by first displaying bad behaviour and getting into trouble. They may then learn how to behave in a better way with the help of the staff which would help to develop that childs social and emotional skills that they probably wouldnt have learnt at home. 4) Rules and structure help children to understand what is accecptable behaviour and what is not.There has to be boundaries or the children wont be aware of what the limits are and will just keep seeing how far they can go. Anti-Bullying Bullying can be in the form of indirect, physical, verbal or cyber. Common forms of bullying are racial, sexuality, disability etc. Bullying has zero tolerance and will dealt with extreme seriousness. Once the staff have been informed and it is brought to their attention that bullying is taking place the head teacher will interview all concerned and will record the incident, class teachers and parents will be informed and if serious enough police will also be contacted.Sa nctions such as warnings, detention, even exclusion will be given. The victim will recieve support to be able to talk about it. Monitoring of the situation will continue until the head feels it is no longer a threat. 1) Children no doubt feel a lot more supported and safer knowing there is action they can take if they are being bullied in or out of school. 2) Children can make a positive contribution by their behaviour by acting in kind and caring way to one another and learning to accept everyone and their diffrences. ) By teaching children to respect, have honesty, tell the truth, have co-operation, show kindness and to have tolerance of others, that there are people who are different in the world. We give them them knowledge to understand and be accepting of diffrences helping to develop their social and emotional skills 4) Understanding the expectations n limits of bullying is to always treat people kindly and the way you'd expect to be treated by others and to know bullying is an extremley serious matter and will be dealt with serverly. AttendanceCharles Saer's Attendance policy is very similar to the behaviour policy, in that it aims to provide a welcoming and caring enviroment so the pupils can recieve a full time education to reach their full potential, there are incentives and rewards given to acknowledge the efforts of high attendance. Giving the pupils a sense of achievment and self worth. There is also rules to be followed, such as to be on time when school starts, what procedures to follow if off sick or have appointments etc, if too many absences then school will have to ask a family support to becoming involved.So like the behaviour policy there are rewards for good attendance n sanctions for bad attendance. 1) The children will feel safe by the attendance policy as yet again its setting out rules and structure very clearly. Which will make the children reassured knowing its the same rules, same expections, no confussion or uncertainty. 2) The c hildren can make a positive contribution by keeping up a good attendance and geting to school on time. ) By keeping a good attendance this will develop their social and emotional skills because they will be in school socializing with other children and learning but also theyll be developing a sense of achievement, self worth. If awards are given this will highten their self esteem. It will also benefit them in later life when they have jobs. 4) The policy helps lay the expectations and limits out clearly of what the school expects to be good attendance and what will limit that high attendance rate they are hoping for. Part 2:It is benefical to encourage and reward positive behaviour as it shows the child that you have acknowledged their behaviour and paid attention to the effort made by them. It also gives them a feeling of pride and happyness to have their behaviour praised, even if the reward is just a smile or a simple â€Å"well done I'm really proud of you†. Rewarding an d encouraging good behaviour gives the child confidence, self-esteem, self-worth, all the important things a person needs to become a self efficent adult in the future and make them feel like they have a purpose.

Thursday, January 2, 2020

Christianity The Early Church And The Dawn Of The...

Since its inception, various leaders have contributed to the overall development of the Christian Church, thereby effecting change and defining the trajectory of the Church as it stands today. In The Story of Christianity: The Early Church to the Dawn of the Reformation, Justo Gonzà ¡lez points to two apostles—Peter and Paul, or Saul—as exemplars of such leadership, and the evidence suggests that both of these men had a considerable influence on the evolution of the Church. Concerning credentials, both apostles were more than qualified to drive the advancement of the Church. Paul, for instance, writes in Galatians 2:9 that Peter—whom the Roman Catholic Church considers the first pope—was an â€Å"acknowledged pillar† in the early Church (Gonzà ¡lez, 28). Likewise, Christian scripture demonstrates the importance of Paul, mainly evidenced by the Epistles that he wrote such as First Thessalonians, Philippians, Philemon, First Corinthians, Galatians, Second Corinthians, and Romans. Gonzà ¡lez, therefore, argues that the Pauline epistles merit the Apostle’s â€Å"greatest and most unique contribution to the shaping of early Christianity,† even contending that these letters â€Å"have had a decisive and continuing impact on the life and thought of the Christian church† (33). While one could clearly assert that either apostle has had a great impact on the development of the Church, Paul has played an extensive role concerning the beginning of Christian philosophy and the study and practice thereof,Show MoreRelatedThe Story of Christianity by Justo Gonzalez925 Words   |  4 PagesThe Story of Christianity is a book written by Justo Gonzalez; a native of Cuba. Gonzalez serves on the faculty of the Interdenominational Theological Center which is located in Atlanta Georgia. He attended Yale University, where he received his M.A. and Ph.D. in historical theology; in fact Dr. Gonzalez is the youngest person at Yal e to be awarded a Ph.D. He is also one of the first generation Latino theologians and instead of growing up Catholic, comes from a protestant background. In additionRead MoreChurch History Paper I1551 Words   |  7 PagesLiberty University Lynchburg, VA                         In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for Church History CHHI 301                               By Brittany N. Askew February 6, 2012       Brittany Askew 06 February 2012 CHHI301_B04 Paper 1 Introduction The process by which Scripture has been preserved and compiled is one whose history is worth noting. The early church had many opportunities to share the Good News of Christ via word of mouth, but from the time of Christ’sRead MorePauls Contribution to Christianity1449 Words   |  6 PagesMuch, however, is known of the time after his conversion to Christ and what he did to contribute to Christianity in this period, and it is this that leaves a greater legacy than the simple facts of his life. The contributions that he made towards the cause of Christ and the spreading and formation of Christianity are what he is perennially remembered for. Paul is remembered as a missionary and church planter. He undertook three extensive missionary journeys, estimated to have taken place in A.DRead MoreThe Religious Conversions of King Clovis I and Emperor Constantine I738 Words   |  3 Pagesconvert to Christianity. He called the Council of Nicea in 325 to resolve conflicts arising between the Arian Christians and the Athansian Christians. 2 This resulted in the canonization of Athansian Christianity, to which Constantine I converted his empire. 3Clovis I was born in the year 466, he was the king of the Franks and ruled Gaul for 30 years. 4 It is unknown when he converted to Christianity, however he was baptised in 496. Clovis I was the first Germanic king to convert to Christianity, andRead MoreThe Development Process Of The New Testament Canon1729 Words   |  7 PagesCHHI 301_D01 BY DANIEL BAILEY LAFOLLETTE, TN NOVEMBER 2012 â€Æ' â€Æ' ABSTRACT Perhaps the greatest achievement to come from early church history is the establishment of a universal New Testament Canon. While we may not put much thought into it today, which books should be included or excluded from the New Testament was once the center of much controversy. It took the church many years to settle upon the current collection of books as being the proper Canon, making it more of a process than an eventRead MoreEssay on What is the Christians Relationship to the Old Testament887 Words   |  4 Pages Introduction. Before the gospels and Pauline epistles, early church Christians related to the Old Testament as Scripture and viewed their Christian walk as the fulfillment of the promises made to Israel from the Old Testament, which foretold of the coming age of the Messiah. The first New Testament Christians understood the importance of the Old Testament; it was their â€Å"Bible† they preached from. Just as in the early church, Christians today need the Old Testament for preaching and in whichRead MoreBook Critique of2736 Words   |  11 PagesLIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY BOOK CRITIQUE OF ALISTER MCGRATH’S CHRISTIANITY’S DANGEROUS IDEA A Paper Submitted to Dr. Martin Klauber In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Course in History of Christian Church History II CHHI 525 By: KMARYAN PANADERO June 15, 2013 Table of Contents Introduction†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. 1 Brief Summary†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 1 Critical Interaction†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ 3 Conclusion†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Read MoreProtestant Reformation: a Prologue to Christian Civilization4141 Words   |  17 PagesLIBERTY UNIVERSITY PROTESTANT REFORMATION: A PROLOGUE TO CHRISTIAN CIVILIZATION A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE DIVISION OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES IN CANDIDACY FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF DIVINITY IN CHAPLAINCY BY SULEIMAN ABBA LYNCHBURG, VIRGINIA MARCH 2013 Abstract The Early Church was a minority religious movement which faced significant threats of persecution in their daily practice of faith. As a result there was no detailedRead MoreThe Effects of the Black Plague on Christianity2851 Words   |  12 PagesThe Effects of the Black Plague on Christianity By Marilyn Griffin REL 387 AL Christ’s People through the Ages 10 October 2011 The Effects of the Black Plague on Christianity The Black Plague, also known as Black Death, the Great Mortality, and the Pestilence, is the name given to the plague that ravaged Europe between 1347 and 1351. It is said to be the greatest catastrophe experienced by the western world up to that time. In Medieval England, the Black Death killed 1.5 million peopleRead More Pagan History Essay2518 Words   |  11 Pagesliterally contradict ones own. Such persecutions as have been directed against paganistic religions by each other are by-products of political struggles and mass population movements rather than ideologically motivated. The same is to some extent true of early Judaism, which was the direct inheritor to the traditions of a strongly pagan society. A slave revolt apparently led to a few hundred thousand slaves with no place to live; to get them, they butchered the inhabitants of pagan cities and took up residence